Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods are rapidly developing in many areas of everyday life. First applications are also seen in medicine, and AI is expected to further revolutionize the work of many physicians. This CRPP develops applications of AI in oncological imaging, i.e. the diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients. Improvements are expected in two directions. First, AI techniques facilitate automation and standardization of labor-intensive routine tasks of physicians. Second, AI algorithms allow for quantitative analysis of medical images and facilitate detection of image features not perceivable to the human eye. Thereby, AI algorithms may improve cancer diagnosis and therapy.