The need for comprehensive microsurgical training to improve the skills of microsurgeons is critical, not only for residents, but also for more experienced surgeons. However, in a non-operative setting, training opportunities are often scarce and very expensive, so new and innovative surgical training methods have been considered.
Training on the placenta model
The placenta model is one of the most promising and affordable tools currently available for training in microsurgical techniques. In the placenta, all vessels are surrounded by membranes and stroma. In addition, the vessels are perfused and under pressure: this simulates the intraoperative situation very well.
Dissection of the tissue surrounding the arteries and veins in the placenta is very similar to the intraoperative setting (or even more difficult according to experienced surgeons) (e.g., dissection of the sylvian fissure, arachnoid and sylvian vessels).
Furthermore, the placenta model allows to:
- microsuture/repair vessels
- perform all the three types of microanastomosis: end-to-side, end-to-end & side-to-side
- verify patency and check the anastomosis.
This course has been recommended by the Federation of Swiss Cantonal Veterinary Officers for recognition by all authorities responsible for animal experimentation as continuing education in laboratory animal science.
The course has been accredited by the Swiss Society of Neurosurgery (SGNC) for 12 credits.