As a rule, it is sufficient to promote ventilation of the ears with the help of various measures (e.g. nose drops). In the case of allergic rhinitis, topical treatment with glucocorticoids may also be useful: This acts against the inflammatory processes that promote effusion in the ear.
In addition, in the case of a tympanic effusion, there are various methods that sufferers themselves can use to ensure better ventilation of the ears, such as:
- Increased chewing and swallowing movements
- Valsalva maneuver (i.e., inhale deeply, hold your nose, and then exhale against the resistance for about 10 seconds with your abdominal muscles tightened and your mouth firmly closed).
- Politzer balloon (a special balloon that can be inflated through a nostril)
However, if a tympanic effusion does not improve for months and in children with risk factors (such as malformations in the craniofacial region, pre-existing sensorineural hearing loss or significant speech development disorders), the tympanic effusion should be treated surgically.