Fat metabolism disorder treatment

Treatment is aimed at lowering blood lipid levels and thus the risk of cardiovascular disease. Basically, a healthy lifestyle helps regulate fat metabolism. Depending on the family predisposition, however, this may not be sufficient and additional medication may be necessary to lower blood lipid levels.

Fat metabolism disorder: what you can do

In addition to drug treatment, other health-promoting measures are important to improve blood lipid levels and reduce the cardiovascular risk. These include, for example:

  • Reduce excess weight
  • Quit smoking
  • Limit alcohol consumption
  • Regular physical exercise

Diet plays a key role in a lipid metabolism disorder. The focus should be on foods that are low in animal fats. Recommended are:

  • Fish and poultry (without skin)
  • Polyunsaturated fatty acids in vegetable oils
  • no or lean red meat and sausage products
  • Dairy products with reduced fat content
  • High-fiber foods such as wholemeal bread, potatoes, fruit, vegetables, salad
  • Low-fat preparation methods such as steaming instead of frying

Lipid metabolism disorder: what we can do at the USZ

Together with lifestyle measures, medication is often used to achieve an optimal effect in the case of lipometabolic disorders. The following active ingredients, which can also be combined, are in the foreground and can be considered for drug therapy of a lipometabolic disease:

  • Statins (cholesterol synthesis inhibitors to lower elevated blood cholesterol levels): e.g. pravastatin, simvastatin, atorvastatin or rosuvastatin
  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitors (inhibit cholesterol absorption in the intestine): Ezetimibe; often combined with statins
  • PCSK9 inhibitors (novel drugs that promote the breakdown of unfavorable cholesterol particles): e.g. Evolocumab, Alirocumab
  • Fibrates (especially for lowering triglycerides): e.g. fenofibrate
  • Omega-3 fatty acids (polyunsaturated fatty acids; especially for lowering triglycerides)

These drugs can improve your blood lipid levels. They prevent or reduce deposits in blood vessels and thus slow down vasoconstriction and prevent heart attacks and strokes. In very rare cases, it is also possible to remove unfavorable blood fat particles from the blood by means of blood washing (lipid apheresis).

For patients

As a patient, you cannot register directly for a consultation. Please get a referral from your primary care physician, specialist.

For doctors

Simply assign your patient to us online.

Tel. Tel. +41 44 255 36 20
Assign online

Related diseases