Kranzbühler B, Sousa R, Prause L, Burger IA, Rupp NJ, Sulser T, Salemi S, Eberli D
*CCCZ Members in bold
Dutasteride has been shown to increase expression of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) in prostate cancer cells in previous in vitro studies. This 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor is commonly used for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic enlargement. The modulation of PSMA expression might affect PSMA-based prostate cancer imaging and therapy.
The purpose of this work was to further analyze concentration-dependent effects of Dutasteride on PSMA expression in a mouse xenograft model.
Methods and results:
Four groups of mice bearing LNCaP xenografts were treated for 14 days with daily intraperitoneal injections of either vehicle control or different concentrations of Dutasteride (0.1, 1, 10 mg/kg). Total expression of PSMA, androgen receptor (AR), and caspase-3 protein was analyzed using immunoblotting (WES). In addition, PSMA, cleaved caspase-3 and Ki-67 expression was assessed and quantified by immunohistochemistry. Tumor size was measured by caliper on day 7 and 14, tumor weight was assessed following tissue harvesting. The mean PSMA protein expression in mice increased significantly after treatment with 1 mg/kg (10-fold) or 10 mg/kg (sixfold) of Dutasteride compared to vehicle control. The mean fluorescence intensity significantly increased by daily injections of 0.1 mg/kg Dutasteride (1.6-fold) as well as 1 and 10 mg/kg Dutasteride (twofold). While the reduction in tumor volume following treatment with high concentrations of 10 mg/kg Dutasteride was nonsignificant, no changes in AR, caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3, and Ki-67 expression were observed.
Short-term Dutasteride treatments with concentrations of 1 and 10 mg/kg significantly increase the total PSMA protein expression in a mouse LNCaP xenograft model. PSMA fluorescence intensity increases significantly even using lower daily concentrations of 0.1 mg/kg Dutasteride. Further investigations are needed to elucidate the impact of Dutasteride treatment on PSMA expression in patients.
Dutasteride; prostate cancer; prostate-specific membrane antigen